Artículo sobre como se fabrican falsos huérfanos en Etiopía (en inglés)

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Artículo sobre como se fabrican falsos huérfanos en Etiopía (en inglés)

Mensaje  abebe el Lun Oct 04, 2010 11:30 am

En el foro de Adopción en Etiopía han colgado este artículo, traducido de un periódico etíope al inglés (es muy largo y no tengo ahora mismo tiempo para traducirlo). Explica cómo se modifican papeles a algunos niños para que pasen por huérfanos sin que lo sean.

The Controversial Issue of Giving Children in International Adoption
Relates to:
Ethiopia - Better Future Adoption Services case
Better Future Adoption Services
Date: 2010-08-18

Who will be the parents of child Feven, Meskerem and Bethelem when they will
come to Ethiopia after twenty years?

This is interview is about child trafficking. The basis for this interview is
the complain received by our production team from certain people against Better
Future Adoption Services. We tried to discuss the issue with Mr. Assefa Demie
who is the current representative of Better Future Adoption Services. However,
he responded to us that since the problem which is said to be created has
happened before he was employed for his current position, he could not answer
such questions. And, he also told us that the person who knows about this matter
is the previous head. The production department sought for the person who is
said to know about the issue and made him is said to know about the issue and we
made him to be today's interviewee.

He is called Mr. Abebe Tigabu. He earned his first degree from Addis Ababa
University in 1997. He worked for four and half years in a position of a
prosecutor up to head of a department in Justice Bureau of Oromia. He taught Law
in Rift Valley University College. He is also deployed in private Law Practice
besides these activities.

He worked in a position of deputy Country Director for Better Future Adoption
Agency until recently. We wish you good reading.

By Fanuel Kinfu.

Sendek: How did you get into Adoption Agency related works?

Mr. Abebe: I entered in to this field by chance. While I was practicing Law in
private, one of my clients asked me whether I could handle a new file or not. I
became willing and started to handle the issue of the file. The matter of fact
of the file is concerning children who were being transported from Addis Ababa
to Arsi Assela who were seized by Shashemene Police with their guardians based
on the information it obtained.

The children were sent to an orphanage which is found near to Shashemene. And
the guardians were made to stay in prison.

Sendek: What was the reason behind transporting children from Addis Ababa to
Shashemene? What was the name of the organization who gave you this
responsibility? What the contract you entered with the organization to solve
this case?

Mr. Abebe: I didn't know at that time why the children were made to be
transported to Arsi Assela. However I saw from a document that Addis Ababa
Police Commission had confirmed that the children were foundlings and gave them
to Betezata Children Home Association.

I think that is why Shasheme Police Commission filed an action by suspecting the
child trafficking crime at that time. Therefore, I received this responsibility
from Better Future Adoption Agency colleagues so that I could solve the problem
in a legal means. And, the problem was solved by making the guardians to be free
from prison as they were only obedient workers and were not required to be
liable for the matter. And the children were also made to be returned to Addis

Sendek: What I want you to elaborate for me is who was behind the transportation
of the children from Addis Ababa to Assela. Why not such a body was not made
legally liable?

Mr. Ababe: I think I told you me work. I am a lawyer. Accordingly, I don't need
to get in to any other thing else except defending my client. I think it is the
responsibility of Shashemene police concerning who sent those guardians. The
file that I was handling was also closed by court.

Sendek: How did you enter in to the Adoption Agency work position from your
profession as a law year?

Mr. Ababe: I think Mrs. Agitu Wodajo delighted with the solved legal matter in
the above stated manner. Accordingly, she pressurized me to join the Agency
which she leads as a Director. I was mainly needed to make the work processes of
the organization to be based on better legal frameworks.

After considering the invitation from all angles, I joined the agency as deputy

Sendek: What is giving a child in adoption, could you explain it based on the
law and also the work position that you were holding?

Mr. Abebe: We can see about children who are given in Adoption from two angles.
The first angle is if either the father or mother of the child is alive, it is
proper to get the consent of such a parent before giving the child in adoption.

The live parent of the would be adoptee should stand in front of court and give
ones consent concerning the adoption for the adoption to be approved.

The second angle is concerning the foundlings who are abandoned but found by
people who brought them to police. Then the police shall notify the case to the
nearby Women's and children Affairs office. Then, the Women's office shall write
a letter to an Orphanage that could receive those children.

Then, the process shall be investigated step by step and be brought to the court
for approval after it is presented to the Women's Affair Office.

Sendek: What is the relationship between the agency and the orphanage?

Mr. Abebe: The Agency is the agent of the prospective adoptive parents who are
residing abroad. It is the institute which completes the process by appearing in
front of the court. Orphanage is a staying place of the would be adoptees if is
seen with adoption perspective.

Sendek: Can an adoption agency have an orphanage?

Mr. Abebe: Never, The Ministry of Women's Affairs prohibits this. However, an
adoption agency may support some Orphanages. Especially, unique support might be
given to the Orphanages that have work relationships with the specific adoption

Sendek: What are the pieces of information that are recorded in the profiles of
the foundlings?

Mr. Abebe: The time and place where they were found and the date shall be
recorded. They shall be given names and certificate of birth shall be issued to
them. The court files and other needed documents shall be included in their

Sendek: Based on the information received by our newspaper production
department, child Feven was given to the Agency by her mother Mrs. Fozia Mohamed
who brought her from Nazareth and delivered her to the agency. However, she was
sent to USA without the knowledge of the mother. And, this happened while you
were serving as a deputy director of Better Future Adoption Agency. What do you
know about this matter?

Mr. Abebe: Of course, Mrs. Fozia Mohammed came from Nazareth and handed over her
daughter to Mrs. Agity Wodajo. This happened as Mrs. Fozia didn't have the
financial capacity to bring up her daughter and requested the agency to receive
her daughter Feven give her in adoption. At that time, the Agency received the
child after confirming her health condition.

Fortunately, at the time an American prospective adoptive mother requested the
Agency to give her a child in adoption. She was by chance in Ethiopia at the
time for her business affairs and while she was told that a child is found for
her, she came and visited this child in the Agency. The American was happy with
Feven and expressed her willingness to take Feven.

Sendek: However, the family of the child is complaining that the child was sent
in an unlawful manner. They say that the child is sent as a foundling while her
mother is alive.

Mr. Abebe: You know, the mother of Feven handed her daughter over to the Agency
at the house of Mrs. Agitu Wodajo. And Mrs. Fozia Mohammed was told also to
bring evidence from the Kebede that confirms she was a pauper. And she notified
to the Agency at that time that she was processing the documents from the
Kebede. However, Mrs. Agitu Wodajo was not happy with this. It was said that
long time was given to Mrs. Fozia Mohammed to bring those documents and as she
failed to do so and the adoptive mother of Feven needed her, another option was
sought and the matter was done in that manner.

Sendek: I don't understand what you said "another option?"

Mr. Abebe: Even the incident was not also clear to me at the time a document was
produced as if the child and abandoned and found in Jimma and the document was
made in Jimma and sent to the Agency. Even she was given a name Feven Jimma.

Mr. Abebe: this matter disturbs me. Of course, if Feven comes to Ethiopia after
20 years, her profile in her adoption file says she is a foundling. Therefore,
she doesn't know her biological mother.

Sendek: Is this not destroying the identity of Feven?

Mr. Abebe: I don't want to enter in to blind argument. It is correctly
destroying her identity. First of all, I told you why I joined the Agency. It
was to make their works done based on legal frameworks. But I couldn't.
Accordingly, I have got conflict with the Agency.

Sendek: Not only this case, but we have information that says the children of
Mrs. Frehiwot Tarekegn were also sent in this manner. Don't you know about this

Mr. Abebe: Of course, I know the matter. However, I was not a deputy director at
the time. But, this happened while Mrs. Frehiwot came to Ethiopia as a refugee.
I know that I sent a document abroad which says child Bethelhem and Meskerm were
foundlings who were abandoned and found in Jimma. Mrs. Frehiwot was repeatedly
requesting the agency to know about her children.

Sendek: How can documents are issued to the children from Jimm

Mr. Abebe: I can't respond a sure answer for this question. Of course, most of
the documents concerning the said foundlings are issued from Jimma.

This can be answered by Mrs. Agitu Wodajo and the Orphanage to which a letter
would be issued to receive such children know about this matter.

Sendek: Therefore, don't you have any part in this?

Mr. Abebe: Yes. Anybody that investigates the matter can get the fact. There is
no any document which is produced by me in this manner. If such documents are
found to be done by me, I can be legally liable.

This manner of process was not wanted to be known either by me or other staff
members. That is why I was made the seventh head of the Agency with in a time
period which is less than three years.

We discussed this issue with the parents of the said children Mrs. Frehiwot
Tarekegn and Mr. Tesfaye Gidebo

Mrs. Frehiwot Tarekegn came to Ethiopia as are refugee from Asmara. She came to
Ethiopia with her husband. However, they were separated after some period time,
she became responsible to up bring their children Meskerem and Bethelhem. Sine
this responsibility was a heavy burden to her, she requested Future Adoption
Agency Services for assistance.

Then the director of the Agency, Mrs. Agitu Wodajo became willing to receive the
children of Mrs. Frehiwot to assist them. Mrs. Frehiwot was also employed by the
Agency. Eventually she was asked to give her two children to adoption in the
name of helping those children to adoption in the name of helping those
children. Mrs. Frehiwot was in a great problem to make decision, as she could
not stand the yearning for her children, if they go abroad in adoption.
Eventually she gave her consent.

Sendek: How the children were sent in adoption?

Mrs Frehiwot: Nobody told me anything about the matter after I gave my consent.
I was told on Thursday about the flight of my children, which would happen on
Friday. Since I was shocked with the news, I could not do anything at the time.

Sendek: Were you not asked by the court to give your own consent by the court?

Mrs. Frehiwot: Never.

Sendek: then, in whose name were your children given in adoption

Mrs. Frehiwot: it was in the name of foundlings that they were given in

Sendek: How could you confirm about this?

Mrs. Frehiwot: After my children were sent to USA, I was dismissed from work.
Then I directly went to Better Future Adoption Agency to obtain certificate of
work experience. Fortunately, I saw the photocopies of the passports of my
children. It was written on their passports that they were born in Jimma. Then I
was shocked and went out with it.

Sendek: Then, where were they born?

Mrs. Frehiwot: It was in Asmara

Sendek: Was their father's name written?

Mrs. Frehiwot: There father's name was also changed they were registered as
Meskerem Jimma and Bethlem Jimma. But their biological father is called Mr.

He is called Mr. Tesfaye Gedebo. He is the brother of Mrs. Fozia Mohammed. After
we asked him about child Feven issue, he responded to us. These all happened as
I was a university student at that time, I was not able to support my sister and
her daughter. The only options that we had at that time was to give child Feven
in adoption. Fortunately, we were told by one acquaintance that Better Future
Adoption Agency could assist us. Then, this person connected us with Mrs. Abebe
Tigabu who was the deputy director of the Agency. Then he told us to bring Feven
to Addis Ababa. Then we brought her to Addis Ababa.

"Then I and Mrs. Fozia went with Feven to the house of Mrs. Agitu Wodajo which
is found in Gergi. Then Mrs. Agitu Wodajo and Mr. Abebe Tigabu received us. They
asked us about the health condition of the child. Then she was made to undertake
medical examination. Then Mrs. Agitu Wodajo and an American Woman received Feven
from our hands. Then we were told that we had to obtain a document which shows
that Mrs. Fozia is a pauper who doesn't have financial capacity to upbring her

Sendek: Then did you get the said document from the Kebele?

Tesfaye: of course we obtained a document that proves Mrs. Fozia is a pauper who
did not have financial capacity to upbring her daughter Feven and we got this
document from Kebele 11 Social Court.

Sendek: Did you submit this document to the Kebele at that time?

Tesfaye: While we want to the Agency to do so, Mrs. Agitu Wodajo had already
evacuated from her first accommodation place which was found in Gergi. Even the
telephone number we were given by the deputy director of the Agency Mr. Abebe
Tigabu was not working. And Mr. Ermis Hailu who connected us with the Agency was
not in Nazareth at that time because of business. And we had not adequate
finance to come from and go to Nazareth again and again to investigate the

Sendek: Then, was your relationship terminated in this manner?

Tesfaye: No. after Mr. Ermis Hailu came to Nazareth, we went to Better Future
Adoption Agency headquarter with him. They told us another thing. They informed
us that since they could not find us, they got evidence for the child from
Jimma. We tried to investigate the matter and we confirmed that the child was
sent to USA. Then we confirmed that our chance to get the child was narrow.
Finally, we gave on the matter to God.

From the producer

We tried to discuss this matter with the Ministry of Women's Affair Public
Relations Directorate Director Mr. Abiy Ephrem. He responded to us that he knows
about the matter and he could not give us any response about it since the matter
is under investigation.

If any stakeholder is willing to give response about the issue, our newspaper
production department is opened to interview him/her/it.

The Translator's Notice:

This piece of writing is translated from the Amharic Newspaper called Sendek,
5th year, No. 258 published on August 18, 2010 on page 12.


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Re: Artículo sobre como se fabrican falsos huérfanos en Etiopía (en inglés)

Mensaje  bandiagara el Jue Oct 14, 2010 8:30 pm

Aterrador...Con esas pruebas tan evdentes ¿no se puede hacer nada? pale


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